>

【澳门新葡亰平台游戏】报错管理

- 编辑:澳门新葡亰平台游戏 -

【澳门新葡亰平台游戏】报错管理

 

查看主库master状态

三、解决方案

刷新后的日志会+1

其中--recursion-method有几种方式查看从库信息,这里采用的是hosts方式,需要在从库加入如下参数,方可在主库执行show slave hosts查看从库的信息

 1 mysql> show slave statusG;
 2 *************************** 1. row ***************************
 3                Slave_IO_State: 
 4                   Master_Host: 101.200.*.*
 5                   Master_User: backup
 6                   Master_Port: 3306
 7                 Connect_Retry: 60
 8               Master_Log_File: master-bin.000113
 9           Read_Master_Log_Pos: 276925387
10                Relay_Log_File: mysql-relay.000001
11                 Relay_Log_Pos: 4
12         Relay_Master_Log_File: master-bin.000113
13              Slave_IO_Running: No
14             Slave_SQL_Running: Yes
15               Replicate_Do_DB: 
16           Replicate_Ignore_DB: 
17            Replicate_Do_Table: 
18        Replicate_Ignore_Table: 
19       Replicate_Wild_Do_Table: 
20   Replicate_Wild_Ignore_Table: 
21                    Last_Errno: 0
22                    Last_Error: 
23                  Skip_Counter: 0
24           Exec_Master_Log_Pos: 276925387
25               Relay_Log_Space: 120
26               Until_Condition: None
27                Until_Log_File: 
28                 Until_Log_Pos: 0
29            Master_SSL_Allowed: No
30            Master_SSL_CA_File: 
31            Master_SSL_CA_Path: 
32               Master_SSL_Cert: 
33             Master_SSL_Cipher: 
34                Master_SSL_Key: 
35         Seconds_Behind_Master: NULL
36 Master_SSL_Verify_Server_Cert: No
37                 Last_IO_Errno: 1236
38                 Last_IO_Error: Got fatal error 1236 from master when reading data from binary log: 'Could not find first log file name in binary log index file'
39                Last_SQL_Errno: 0
40                Last_SQL_Error: 
41   Replicate_Ignore_Server_Ids: 
42              Master_Server_Id: 21
43                   Master_UUID: e4a43da7-5b58-11e5-a12f-00163e003632
44              Master_Info_File: /home/data/mysql/master.info
45                     SQL_Delay: 0
46           SQL_Remaining_Delay: NULL
47       Slave_SQL_Running_State: Slave has read all relay log; waiting for the slave I/O thread to update it
48            Master_Retry_Count: 86400
49                   Master_Bind: 
50       Last_IO_Error_Timestamp: 170204 10:48:06
51      Last_SQL_Error_Timestamp: 
52                Master_SSL_Crl: 
53            Master_SSL_Crlpath: 
54            Retrieved_Gtid_Set: 
55             Executed_Gtid_Set: 
56                 Auto_Position: 0
57 1 row in set (0.00 sec)
58 
59 ERROR: 
60 No query specified
change master to master_host='xx.xx.xx.xx',master_user='username',master_port=3306,master_password='password',master_log_file='mysql-bin.000082',master_log_pos=4;
 1 mysql> show master statusG;
 2 *************************** 1. row ***************************
 3              File: mysql-bin.000114
 4          Position: 120
 5      Binlog_Do_DB: 
 6  Binlog_Ignore_DB: 
 7 Executed_Gtid_Set: 
 8 1 row in set (0.00 sec)
 9 
10 ERROR: 
11 No query specified

5.主从数据校验

突然之间Slave_IO_Running: 状态变成NO了

从库:

输入CHANGE MASTER TO MASTER_LOG_FILE='mysql-bin.000114',MASTER_LOG_POS=120;

[backup]# mysqlbinlog  mysql-bin.000081 >mysql-bin.log

执行start slave;

 

 1 mysql> show slave statusG;
 2 *************************** 1. row ***************************
 3                Slave_IO_State: Waiting for master to send event
 4                   Master_Host: 101.200.*.*
 5                   Master_User: backup
 6                   Master_Port: 3306
 7                 Connect_Retry: 60
 8               Master_Log_File: mysql-bin.000114
 9           Read_Master_Log_Pos: 11314
10                Relay_Log_File: mysql-relay.000002
11                 Relay_Log_Pos: 11477
12         Relay_Master_Log_File: mysql-bin.000114
13              Slave_IO_Running: Yes
14             Slave_SQL_Running: Yes
15               Replicate_Do_DB: 
16           Replicate_Ignore_DB: 
17            Replicate_Do_Table: 
18        Replicate_Ignore_Table: 
19       Replicate_Wild_Do_Table: 
20   Replicate_Wild_Ignore_Table: 
21                    Last_Errno: 0
22                    Last_Error: 
23                  Skip_Counter: 0
24           Exec_Master_Log_Pos: 11314
25               Relay_Log_Space: 11646
26               Until_Condition: None
27                Until_Log_File: 
28                 Until_Log_Pos: 0
29            Master_SSL_Allowed: No
30            Master_SSL_CA_File: 
31            Master_SSL_CA_Path: 
32               Master_SSL_Cert: 
33             Master_SSL_Cipher: 
34                Master_SSL_Key: 
35         Seconds_Behind_Master: 0
36 Master_SSL_Verify_Server_Cert: No
37                 Last_IO_Errno: 0
38                 Last_IO_Error: 
39                Last_SQL_Errno: 0
40                Last_SQL_Error: 
41   Replicate_Ignore_Server_Ids: 
42              Master_Server_Id: 21
43                   Master_UUID: e4a43da7-5b58-11e5-a12f-00163e003632
44              Master_Info_File: /home/data/mysql/master.info
45                     SQL_Delay: 0
46           SQL_Remaining_Delay: NULL
47       Slave_SQL_Running_State: Slave has read all relay log; waiting for the slave I/O thread to update it
48            Master_Retry_Count: 86400
49                   Master_Bind: 
50       Last_IO_Error_Timestamp: 
51      Last_SQL_Error_Timestamp: 
52                Master_SSL_Crl: 
53            Master_SSL_Crlpath: 
54            Retrieved_Gtid_Set: 
55             Executed_Gtid_Set: 
56                 Auto_Position: 0
57 1 row in set (0.00 sec)
58 
59 ERROR: 
60 No query specified

果然其值是 0,不主动同步binlog cache的数据到磁盘,而依赖操作系统本身不定期把文件内容 flush 到磁盘。设为 1 最安全,在每个语句或事务后同步一次 binary log,即使在崩溃时也最多丢失一个语句或事务的日志,但因此也最慢。这里设置为0,断电的情况下导致binlog cache数据丢失没有写入主库的binlog,但binlog信息已同步至从库。这种情况容易导致主从数据不一致,所以即使恢复主从数据后,依旧要通过主从数据对比校验数据的一致性。

例如上面的 File: mysql-bin.000113 会变成 File: mysql-bin.000114

 主库:

刷新binlog日志

澳门新葡亰平台游戏 1

年后回来查看mysql运行状况与备份情况,登录mysql从库查看主从同步状态

report_port=slave_port

再次查看master状态

mysqlbinlog  mysql-bin.000082  |more

首先在从库上执行

mysql> show slave status G
*************************** 1. row ***************************
               Slave_IO_State: 
                  Master_Host: xx.xx.xx.xx
                  Master_User: username
                  Master_Port: 3306
                Connect_Retry: 60
              Master_Log_File: mysql-bin.000081
          Read_Master_Log_Pos: 480141113
               Relay_Log_File: mysql9017-relay-bin.000163
                Relay_Log_Pos: 480141259
        Relay_Master_Log_File: mysql-bin.000081
             Slave_IO_Running: No
            Slave_SQL_Running: Yes
              Replicate_Do_DB: 
          Replicate_Ignore_DB: 
           Replicate_Do_Table: 
       Replicate_Ignore_Table: 
      Replicate_Wild_Do_Table: 
  Replicate_Wild_Ignore_Table: 
                   Last_Errno: 0
                   Last_Error: 
                 Skip_Counter: 0
          Exec_Master_Log_Pos: 480141113
              Relay_Log_Space: 480141462
              Until_Condition: None
               Until_Log_File: 
                Until_Log_Pos: 0
           Master_SSL_Allowed: No
           Master_SSL_CA_File: 
           Master_SSL_CA_Path: 
              Master_SSL_Cert: 
            Master_SSL_Cipher: 
               Master_SSL_Key: 
        Seconds_Behind_Master: NULL
Master_SSL_Verify_Server_Cert: No
                Last_IO_Errno: 1236
                Last_IO_Error: Got fatal error 1236 from master when reading data from binary log: 'Client requested master to start replication from impossible position; the first event 'mysql-bin.000081' at 480141113, the last event read from './mysql-bin.000081' at 4, the last byte read from './mysql-bin.000081' at 4.'
               Last_SQL_Errno: 0
               Last_SQL_Error: 
  Replicate_Ignore_Server_Ids: 
             Master_Server_Id: 17
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

flush logs;

mysql> show global variables like '%sync_binlog%';                       
+---------------+-------+
| Variable_name | Value |
+---------------+-------+
| sync_binlog   | 0     |
+---------------+-------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

 

二、错误原因

 1 mysql> show master statusG;
 2 *************************** 1. row ***************************
 3              File: mysql-bin.000113
 4          Position: 276925387
 5      Binlog_Do_DB: 
 6  Binlog_Ignore_DB: 
 7 Executed_Gtid_Set: 
 8 1 row in set (0.00 sec)
 9 
10 ERROR: 
11 No query specified
12 
13 mysql> flush logs;
14 Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.11 sec)

6.innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit参数扩展

stop slave;

刚处理完“挖矿”事件,在做最后一个MySQL NBU备份的时候,发现从库有问题,好奇的是怎么主从状态异常没有告警呢?先不管这么多了,处理了这个问题再完善告警内容。

然后就不需要在操作master,切换到从库

4.主库参数改进

 

更改配置文件my.cnf设置sync_binlog=1

解决方法。

1.检查从库状态以及读取、执行的binlog信息

 

Slave_IO_Running: No
Slave_SQL_Running: Yes
Last_IO_Errno: 1236
Last_IO_Error: Got fatal error 1236 from master when reading data from binary log: 'Client requested master to start replication from impossible position; the first event 'mysql-bin.000081' at 480141113, the last event read from './mysql-bin.000081' at 4, the last byte read from './mysql-bin.000081' at 4.'

查看从库状态

可通过下面语句查看binlog的pos信息和日志内容
mysql> show binlog events in  'mysql-bin.000081' from 480140557 limit 10;       
Empty set (0.04 sec)
3.更改从库的同步位置,完成数据重新同步

report_host=slave_ip

show slave status G

METHOD       USES
===========  =============================================
processlist  SHOW PROCESSLIST
hosts        SHOW SLAVE HOSTS
cluster      SHOW STATUS LIKE 'wsrep_incoming_addresses'
dsn=DSN      DSNs from a table
none         Do not find slaves

mysql> set global sync_binlog=1;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

从库show slave status G看到的错误信息如下:

主从同步正常

澳门新葡亰平台游戏 2

这里看到从库的io_thread已经终止,错误编号是1236,具体是由于读取主库的binlog日志位置(the first event 'mysql-bin.000081' at 480141113, the last event read from './mysql-bin.000081' at 4)不对导致主从失败建立失败。

pt-table-checksum h=master_ipaddr,u=username,p='password',P=mysql_port --nocheck-binlog-format --recursion-method=hosts  
Checking if all tables can be checksummed ...
Starting checksum ...
            TS ERRORS  DIFFS     ROWS  CHUNKS SKIPPED    TIME TABLE
08-03T17:49:29      0      0      595       1       0   0.186 user.hole

 pt-table-checksum h=master_ipaddr,u=username,p='password',P=mysql_port --nocheck-binlog-format --recursion-method=hosts

 

 导致这个原因很大程度上是由于主从在同步的过程中,主库异常断电,导致内存数据传输到从库但没有提交到binlog日志,即主库 sync_binlog设置可能有问题,在主库检查参数设置:

innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit 参数指定了 InnoDB 在事务提交后的日志写入频率。这么说其实并不严谨,且看其不同取值的意义和表现。

    当 innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit 取值为 0 的时候,log buffer 会 每秒写入到日志文件并刷写(flush)到磁盘。但每次事务提交不会有任何影响,也就是 log buffer 的刷写操作和事务提交操作没有关系。在这种情况下,MySQL性能最好,但如果 mysqld 进程崩溃,通常会导致最后 1s 的日志丢失。
    当取值为 1 时,每次事务提交时,log buffer 会被写入到日志文件并刷写到磁盘。这也是默认值。这是最安全的配置,但由于每次事务都需要进行磁盘I/O,所以也最慢。
    当取值为 2 时,每次事务提交会写入日志文件,但并不会立即刷写到磁盘,日志文件会每秒刷写一次到磁盘。这时如果 mysqld 进程崩溃,由于日志已经写入到系统缓存,所以并不会丢失数据;在操作系统崩溃的情况下,通常会导致最后 1s 的日志丢失。

start slave;

看到主库binlog日志mysql-bin.000081最大的pos为480140557,但从库要读取的是'mysql-bin.000081' at 480141113,显然从库要读的pos值比主库本身存在的pos值大,导致读取不到,进而失败。

2.查看主库的binlog内容

一、错误信息

本文由数据库发布,转载请注明来源:【澳门新葡亰平台游戏】报错管理